Even if pregnant women have a heavier than normal standards, doctors advise pregnant women to lose weight. In accordance with the guidelines for the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1990, women still have to earn fat weight gain 6 to 10 pounds during pregnancy.Weight loss diet can affect the mother and fetus because of lack of essential nutrients during pregnancy. Physical activity is recommended to maintain weight during pregnancy compared with the reduction of nutrient intake.
Fact # 2: Adaptation of folic acid to prevent spina bifida
Adequate intake of folic acid before and during nine months of pregnancy. Folic acid deficiency may cause fetal abnormalities in the form of an imperfect closure of the central neural tube (spina bifida).
Fact # 3: The energy requirements increase only slightly during pregnancy.
daily energy needs during pregnancy was only slightly above normal. On average, the energy needs of a woman rose from the fourth month of pregnancy amounted to 250-300 calories per day.That is equivalent to half a bowl of rice or a bowl of porridge. Even more important is not quantity but quality, allowing you to get a balanced diet, rich in minerals and vitamins.
Fact # 4: Iodine is needed by the fetus to thyroid hormone and brain development.
Iodine is a component of thyroid hormones, which play an important role in growth and cell division. The lack of iodine in the early stages of physical development, ie in early embryonic life and can lead to deficiency of thyroid hormone affects the mental retardation and severe physical. Pregnant women should receive the intake of about 0.23 milligrams of iodine per day during pregnancy.
Fact # 5: The magnesium reduces the risk of cramps, premature birth and miscarriage.
Many doctors prescribe magnesium in pregnant women.Magnesium deficiency can lead to the calves and stomach cramps, miscarriage and premature delivery. The amount recommended for pregnant women is 310 milligrams of magnesium per day.
Fact # 6: Cuisine that is not cooked or partially cooked dangerous for pregnant women.
Eating fresh milk, undercooked meat or fish is not cooked in the style of Japanese cooking is not recommended for pregnant women. These foods can be contaminated with pathogens such as Listeria and Toxoplasma gondii, which can lead to complications for the mother and child. Pregnant women should peel fruits and vegetables as a precaution. Frying, steaming, grilling hot and, in general, is enough to destroy harmful pathogens in food. Fruits and vegetables should be washed thoroughly before eating.
Fact # 7: Vitamin A should not be consumed in excess by pregnant women.
In a number of very large, vitamin A can cause birth defects and liver toxicity baby in the womb. Pregnant women should not take vitamin A supplements in tablet form without instructions from your doctor and reduce consumption of the liver because the liver contains a large amount of vitamin A. The maximum intake for pregnant women vitamin A is 10,000 IU.
Fact # 8: Iron prevents anemia in pregnant women.
During pregnancy, it is important to ensure that you are getting a daily intake of iron is recommended because your baby will take your iron stores. The inadequate intake of iron can cause anemia, which can endanger you and your baby.
The recommended daily iron intake for adult women is 18 mg per day. During pregnancy, the number increased to 27 mg per day due to the growing volume of maternal blood (approximately 50% more than before pregnancy). Also, your baby need iron for growth.
Fact # 9: a liter of milk enough calcium for pregnant women One
During pregnancy, calcium transfer from mother to baby reaches 270 mg. For pregnant women not to “fall short” of calcium that endanger the health of your bones, you need to get about 1 gram of calcium intake per day. A liter of milk contains about 1.2 grams of calcium, sufficient to meet the daily needs of pregnant women.
Fact # 10: The caffeine in coffee may endanger pregnancy
The caffeine in coffee increases the risk of miscarriage or having a baby with low birth weight. Pregnant women should limit coffee consumption not more than two cups a day, or replace them with low caffeine coffee.