Nausea and vomiting often occur in early pregnancy. This phenomenon is called “morning sickness” because it feels in the morning until noon. The intensity of the symptoms are more common at the end of the first quarter and completely disappeared in the fifth month. The cause of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is unknown but probably relates to changes in hormones (progesterone and hCG). Stress, anxiety and stress may also be involved.
Seven of these tips can help you cope with nausea and vomiting associated with pregnancy are:
Things that can cause nausea including seafood caffeine, orange juice, and a strong odor. Avoid cooking and food preparation if the smell bothers. Ask someone else to cook and prepare food or fast food.
Do not skip meals
Skipping meals can cause nausea due to low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Stomach also contract more difficult when it is empty. Furthermore, the lack of certain nutrients such as potassium can cause more vomiting.
Eat and drink separately
This makes digestion easier and not make the stomach feel full.Drink juice, milk or soup as part of meals.
Eat smaller portions but often, ie every two or three hours
The progesterone causes digestion to work more slowly so you should avoid the stomach is full. Eat foods at room temperature gradually. Cold foods makes it harder to work tract. Sit up after meals, do not lie.
Avoid foods that are too oily, spicy or bitter
Choose foods that are not fragrant strong flavor, such as bananas, white rice (not fried rice), and toast. Snacks are good for pregnant women, among others, pudding, oatmeal, fruit and nuts. Eat cookies or chips can help when you begin to feel nauseous.
Get enough rest
Stress and fatigue can make nausea worse. Make sure you get a good night’s sleep and adequate rest during the day. When working, it never hurts to take a few days off.
Get plenty of fresh air
Sleep with good ventilation and a walk in the morning light. Do not spend time alone at home, occasionally going out to socialize and get some air.
When it is necessary to consult a doctor or a midwife?
In some women, nausea and vomiting all day. This condition is called hyperemesis gravidarum, a condition in which a woman experiences excessive nausea and vomiting. This can cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and weight loss.
When you experience the following, call your doctor or midwife :
- Can not keep food or liquids for 24 hours
- Have weight loss of 1 kg or more in a week
- Feeling dizzy or faint
- Removing the darker urine or less than the amount normally
Your doctor or midwife can give you an IV and anti-nausea medication to relieve symptoms. You may be advised to be hospitalized can relax and get proper medical care.