Diabetes, not that most Sugar

The world faces an explosion of people with diabetes. The most recent data tell us that the figure reached 350 million people worldwide, well above the predictions of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) is projected for 2010 is 285 million people around the world who become victims of diseases that can be claimed hearing, and even death.

Although experts agree diabetes is the leading health problem in the 21st century, in fact, there are still many people who shrugged when asked about the possibility of this disease. In addition, because the symptoms are not visible, not a few who still think that the disease is caused by too many sweets mengasup.

In fact, according to dr.Budiman Darmowidjojo, Sp.PD, diabetes mellitus is not related to the excess sugar. A person diagnosed with diabetes when the body does not produce enough insulin or properly use the insulin. ”It is not certain whether the disease is caused by eating sugary foods,” he said.

Factors that cause high death toll is due to changes in a high-fat diet and physical inactivity. The link between this disease and sugar diabetes may come from the fact must limit their sugar intake.

“They really should be limited not only sugar, but the total calories because most of what we eat for energy is glucose. In diabetics, the diet does not control glucose levels will increase,” said a doctor from the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Sciences of the medicine / RSCM Jakarta.

In a healthy person, glucose is automatically absorbed by the cells. Body use the insulin receptors on pancreatic B cells to open the cells so glucose can enter. However, in people with diabetes, insulin resistance occurs at the sugar in the blood can not enter.

The excess sugar accumulates in the bloodstream and in the long term can cause complications. ”Actually that is not dangerous high blood sugar, but the complications that brings,” he added.

Diabetes is a silent disease that attacks but over time it will be a disaster. Increasingly common disease that annually kills three million people around the world.

According dr.Budiman, cause of death in diabetic patients is not due to the disease itself, but its complications. ”Nearly 40 percent died of heart disease, the remainder due to kidney failure, stroke or cancer,” said Chairman of the Meeting of Diabetes in Jakarta, to be held this coming November 2011.

Complications that can result from diabetes is a severe complication, such as hypoglycemia (blood sugar too low) or hyperglycemia (blood sugar is too high), or chronic.

“Complications of chronic itself is affecting the large blood vessels, such as heart disease or stroke, or which affects the small blood vessels for patients suffering from neurological disorders, kidney disease, impotence, blindness,” explained.

The levels of blood sugar are high Budiman, bright, disturb the hormonal system to increase the levels of certain hormones that lead to high blood pressure. ”Approximately 60-80 percent of diabetic patients suffer from hypertension,” he said.

That’s why it’s important to check blood sugar levels rise in blood sugar mawaspadai, especially if family history of any person suffering from this disease, age over 40 years, suffering from obesity or symptoms of the disease.

Fix your diet
One way to prevent diabetes is to maintain body weight remained normal, regular exercise and improve your diet. This means eating a healthy diet including fruits and vegetables.

Research shows for every 40 additional grams of fat you eat in a day, the risk of diabetes has tripled. And if you have diabetes you are more likely to suffer complications.

“This happens because body fat makes the cells resistant to insulin,” said Frank P. Nittal, MD, in a report published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Meanwhile, people with diabetes are advised to eat four or five hours in small portions. ”The important thing is to establish the total calories,” Budiman said. However, diabetics are still advised to be prudent in the consumption of sugar. The need for sweet foods that can be satisfied with low-calorie artificial sweetener.

Currently there are no drugs to treat diabetes. That’s why we care about yourself, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including diet, exercise, rest and avoid stress. In people with diabetes had a healthy lifestyle can keep your blood sugar is stable so the disease can be controlled.


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