Many women of childbearing age who regularly experienced menstrual cramps. The pain associated with cramps took place in the run or the beginning of menstruation. Pain felt in the lower abdomen or the region and may radiate to the hips, thighs and back. The intensity of pain up and down several times, follow the underlying uterine muscle contraction. The severity of pain varies between women and between menstrual periods in women of the same. At one point, the pain may be barely felt. Other times can be a very severe pain accompanied by cramps, fatigue, fever, dizziness, upset stomach and nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Is it normal?
Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea medical language is called, is generally normal. Substances called prostaglandins are the main causes. This substance is produced by the body and found in the lining of the uterus. When the process of menstruation begins, these substances stimulate contractions to release the lining of the uterus, causing cramps. This substance also causes vasodilatation of the blood circulatory system. The arteries and veins to swell, so that menstrual blood is easier to remove. However, it also can cause decreased blood pressure so the body will feel weak and dizzy head. In some women, prostaglandins also activate smooth muscle contractions and spasms of the gastro-intestinal tract, causing nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In addition, menstrual blood flow may also worsen the pain involved. Blood clots or a gush of menstrual blood to pass through a narrow opening of the cervix. The stretching of the cervix by the flow can cause pain.That’s why menstrual pain decreased or disappeared in some women after giving birth to her first baby. Your cervical opening has widened.
Menstrual pain is particularly felt by young women in the early years of menstruation, women beriwayat obtain early menarche (under 12 years) and women with more menstrual bleeding. In rare cases, menstrual pain caused by conditions or diseases such as endometriosis, sexually transmitted disease, ovarian cysts or problems spiral (IUD). If you start to feel the pain of menstruation after the age of 25 years or if the pain is accompanied by other symptoms such as menstrual bleeding does not stop or smells bad, you should consult with a physician.
Tips for you
Some of these tips to relieve menstrual pain:
No drugs solution:
Place a heating pad on the lower abdomen (below the navel). If you do not have a heating pad, you can put hot water in the bottle and the bottle wrapped in a cloth before pasting in the stomach.
Put your feet higher than the heart and stomach when you lie down, or lying on your side with your knees bent.
Massaging the lower abdomen with a circular massage.
If you feel bad about what your appetite is altered, the spread of their meals. You can also change a great meal with snacks that are more frequent.
Choose a diet rich in complex carbohydrates such as grains, fruits and vegetables are low in salt, sugar and caffeine.
Increase your intake of vitamin B6, calcium and magnesium.
Go take a shower with hot water.
Lose weight if overweight.
Exercise can reduce pain in some women. In several other women, bed rest is more useful.
anti-inflammatory drugs. The treatment of menstrual pain is the main class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen. They work by stopping the production of prostaglandins by the body. It can also reduce blood loss by reducing blood clots in the uterus. There are dozens of brands of NSAIDs this medicine you can buy freely in pharmacies and drugstores. You have to be careful with this medication if you have ulcer disease, it can irritate the stomach.
Birth control pills. This is another solution to menstrual pain. Birth control pills work by preventing ovulation, thus also preventing the activity of prostaglandins that cause menstrual cramps. However, birth control pills is not an option around the world. If you wish to become pregnant, birth control pills, of course, is not their choice.